How to do a Single Crochet Stitch (sc)

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The Single Crochet or sc stitch is one of the most basic, beginner foundation stitches for you to learn. It also happens to be one of the easiest to master for most crocheters so let us show you how to do it.

Many, (if not most) crochet patterns include single crochet stitches, often at the very beginning. This is also one of the very first stitches that most crocheters learn.

And with good reason as this stitch forms the basis of many other, more complicated crochet stitches.

image of rows of crochet with green yarn and a hook

The single is the perfect learning stitch because many others are based on the same basic principle. It is also pretty easy to master with some practice. Once you have this stitch down, you can easily move onto to a double or half double crochet stitch.

What is a sc crochet stitch?

As I said above, the Single Crochet (abbreviation ‘sc’) is one of the basic foundation stitches for most crochet patterns. It is a relatively small and close or tight stitch that produces a dense, firm crochet piece which is not open weave or lacy.

The basic steps to making a sc stitch: first make a chain. Then, insert the hook in the 2nd chain, yarn over, pull the loop through the chain, yarn over again and pull that yarn through the two loops on your crochet hook.

Now, let’s take a closer look at all of those steps.


Basic Supplies

image of balls of yarn         image of crochet hooks bag and stitch markers

Making a Single Crochet Stitch (step by step)

Begin by making a chain. The chain is technically not a part of this stitch but we need one in order to show you how to make a single crochet.

If you are not sure how to do a chain, this article gives you the full step by step instructions.

image of a Crochet Chain

1. Insert the crochet hook

Chain one more stitch. This is known as the turning chain, which is used for increasing the height to the second row. (The turning chain does not count as a stitch).

Now, insert the hook into second chain stitch from the hook.

image of a crochet chain and hand showing where to insert hook

2. Grab the working yarn with the hook (Yarn Over)

Move the crochet hook under the working yarn from front to back and grab it with the barb of the hook. This is called a ‘yarn over’.

image of hands inserting crochet hook in second chain and yarn over

3. Pull yarn through the chain

Pull the hook (with the yarn on the barb) backwards through the chain. As you can see in the photo below, this should leave you with 2 loops on the hook.

image of Pulling yarn through a crochet chain
image of two yarn loops on the crochet hook

4. Yarn over a second time

Now take the crochet hook and grab the working yarn underneath, from front to back as you did previously.

image of a yarn over to make a single crochet stitch

5. Pull the yarn through the loops

This time, you will pull the yarn backwards through both loops on your crochet hook, leaving you with only a single loop. That completes the first single crochet stitch.

image of a completed single crochet stitch

See this video for making a single crochet:

Continue working single crochet stitches

To make the next sc, insert your hook into the next chain stitch and repeat steps 2 – 5 above. Continue working your sc stitches into each chain until you get to the end of the row.

first row of sc stitches

Working the second row of stitches

Once you are at the end of the first row, you will chain one more (turning stitch) and then turn the work over. To start the second row, insert the crochet hook into the first single stitch and repeat steps 2 – 5 above.

At the end of the row, be careful not to work into the extra turning chain.

Several rows of single crochet stitches

Those are the basic steps for how to do a single crochet stitch. If you keep making rows of stitches, back and forth, you will end up with a long, narrow piece that could be used as a scarf.

It will probably feel a little awkward when you first start making these stitches but as you practice, you will quickly get used to it.


In the next tutorials, we show you how to make a half double crochet stitch (hdc) and a double crochet (dc) and triple crochet so make sure and check out that less, as well.


Eventually, we will have an article showing you how to make any and all crochet stitches so make sure to bookmark this page for future reference.

If you need a refresher on some basics, take a look at How to make a Slip Knot and How to Crochet a Chain.


Crochet for Beginners: The Ultimate Step by Step Guide with Illustrations and Pictures!

image of a book cover Crochet For Beginners

What can you make with single crochet?

Now that you learned the most basic sc stitch, there are lots of different fun things that you can crochet to practice your new skill. Good, beginner patterns include a crochet scarf, simple granny square, potholder or trivet, hat or beanie, blanket or a headband.

Take a look at this article for some basic beginner crochet patterns that feature the single crochet stitch but also introduce you to a few new stitches.

Is single crochet a basic stitch?

As I said above, the single is the first basic stitch that others are based on. It is also the first one (other than a basic slip stitch) that you will learn. Once you master the single, it is pretty easy to learn the other stitches.

Yield: Single Crochet Stitches

How to do a Single Crochet Stitch (sc) Step by step Guide

image of rows of single crochet stitches
The Single Crochet or sc stitch is the most basic and beginner foundation stitch for you to learn. It also happens to be one of the easiest to master and the other, more advanced stitches are based on the single.
Active Time 30 minutes
Total Time 30 minutes
Difficulty easy
Estimated Cost $1 - $5

Materials

  • Yarn (Heavier yarn is easier for beginners)

Tools

  • Crochet Hook (to match yarn weight)

Instructions

  1. The chain is technically not a part of this stitch but we need one in order to show you how to make a single crochet. See this article for instructions. image of a crocheted chain with green yarn
  2. Chain one more stitch (turning chain) and then insert the hook into second chain stitch from the hook.image of a crochet chain and hook
  3. Move the crochet hook under the working yarn from front to back and grab it with the barb of the hook. This is called a ‘yarn over’. image of a crochet yarn over
  4. Pull the hook with the yarn backwards through the chain. This should leave you with 2 loops on the hook. image of hands holding a crochet hook pulling yarn through a loop
  5. Yarn over again (see step 3)image of. a yarn over to make a single crochet stitch
  6. Finally, pull yarn backwards through both loops on your crochet hook, leaving you with only a single loop. That completes the first single crochet stitch. image of a completed single crochet stitch
How to make a single crochet (sc) stitch
Making a single crochet stitch for beginners

How to do a Single Crochet Stitch (sc)

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