How to do a Half Double Crochet Stitch (hdc)
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In the previous lessons, you learned how to create a slip stitch, make a chain and work the single crochet stitch. This tutorial will show you how to easily work the Half Double Crochet (hdc) stitch.
The half double stitch is great for beginning crocheters to learn once they have mastered the single (sc) stitch.
It falls about halfway in between the single and double stitches, creating a row that is taller than the single but shorter than the double.
Once you have learned how to do a half double crochet stitch, you will be able to tackle many different patterns for warm scarves, headbands, hats and even crochet socks.
(The abbreviation for this stitch is hdc)
- What is a Half Double Crochet?
- Basic Supplies
- Make a slip knot and crochet a chain
- How to work the hdc stitch (step by step)
- Working the second row of hdc
- What is the difference between half double crochet and double crochet?
- Is half double crochet faster than single crochet?
- How do you work the hdc stitch with the left hand?
What is a Half Double Crochet?
The half double crochet stitch is abbreviated hdc and as I mentioned above, it lies about halfway between the single crochet stitch and the double, in terms of height.
The rows of the hdc are taller than rows of a single but not as tall as rows from the double stitch.
It creates a tight stitch and therefore denser fabric than the double which makes it perfect for cold weather accessories such as warm, winter scarves and hats, thick earwarmers and even purses and tote bags.
Since it works up faster than the single, this is a favorite stitch for many blankets and afghans, as well.
- Yarn (I used Peaches ‘n Cream Cotton)
- Crochet Hook (to match yarn weight)
This is my favorite book of crochet stitches!
In order to work this stitch, we need to have some yarn already on the crochet hook. Therefore, we will begin by making a slip knot and then adding some chain stitches to the hook.
Make a slip knot and crochet a chain
As with many crochet patterns, you will begin by making a slip knot on the hook and then adding chain stitches.
To make the slip knot, simply loop the yarn into a circle and pull one of the ends partially through the circle, forming a loop. Put your crochet hook through this loop and pull the yarn around the hook.
You can find complete step by step instructions for making a slip knot in this post.
Next, we need some stitches on the hook to work with. To make a chain stitch, hold the hook (with the slip knot) in one hand and the working yarn in the other.
Using the hook, grab the working yarn and pull it partially through the loop, creating a new loop.
Repeat until you have the number of chains desired. See this article for complete instructions for making a chain.
How to work the hdc stitch (step by step)
1. Do a Yarn Over
Holding your crochet hook (with the chain) in one hand and the working yarn in the other, grab the working yarn from underneath with the hook so that you have two loops on the hook. This is called a Yarn Over.
(Note: I hold the hook in my right hand and the working yarn in my left hand (I’m right handed).
To help me maintain even tension, I wrap the working yarn over my index and ring fingers but under the other fingers. This helps me maintain even tension on the yarn.)
2. Insert the hook in the third chain
Next, you will insert the hook into the third chain from the hook and again, Yarn Over (grab the yarn with the hook).
(Note: the last two chains are the turning stitches and therefore do not count toward the final stitch number of the row. So, if you want your piece to be 10 stitches wide, you will chain 12 stitches when using the half double.)
3. Pull the yarn through the chain stitch
With the working yarn you just grabbed on the hook, pull it backwards through the chain stitch, creating a third loop on your hook.
4. Yarn Over
Do a third yarn over by grabbing the yarn with the hook from front to back.
5. Pull Yarn through all loops
Finally, you will pull the yarn backwards through all three loops on your crochet hook.
This may take a little practice, especially with the Yarn Over loop. That one is at a slightly different angle and is not as easy as the other ones.
Just take your time! When you are just starting out, it helps to pull the head of the hook through each loop separately rather than all three loops at once.
Once you get the hang of it, you will be able to pull it through all of them in one motion.
This completes the first half double crochet stitch. For the next stitch, you again Yarn Over but then you will insert the hook in the next chain stitch from your first hdc. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 above.
Continue making a half double in each of the remaining chains, all the way to the end of the row.
See the video for making a half double stitch:
Working the second row of hdc
Chain Two: to start the next row, we need to raise the height of your stitches. You do this by making two chains at the end of the row.
Then you turn the whole thing over (so the hook is on the right side again). Now make a half double stitch in the first and in all of the other stitches to the end of the row. (You only work into the third stitch at the beginning of the first row)
When you reach the end of the second row, make two chain stitches (ch) or turning stitches and begin the first half double stitch in the first stitch from the row below.
Continue working rows of hdc stitches until your piece reaches the desired height.
When you are ready to tackle a project, have a look at these free patterns featuring the half double. Also check out these Double Crochet Patterns.
What is the difference between half double crochet and double crochet?
The half double crochet stitch is basically half of the double stitch. As you saw in the instructions above, in the last part of the hdc, you Yarn Over and pull the yarn back through all three loops on the hook.
With the double crochet stitch, however, you pull the yarn through only two of the loops, Yarn Over again and pull it through the remaining two loops.
Is half double crochet faster than single crochet?
Since the hdc or half double stitch creates a taller row, it is much faster than working rows of single stitches alone. Basically, you are creating 1 1/2 times the height for each crochet row versus the singles rows.
How do you work the hdc stitch with the left hand?
For all of you left handed crocheters out there, here is a video showing you how to make a half double as a lefty.
Related Stitch Tutorial:
- How to make a Crochet Magic Circle
- Easy Waffle Stitch
- The Shell Stitch step by step
- 6 Beginner Crochet Stitches
- How to make a Puff Stitch
- How to work the Triple Crochet Stitch (tc or tr)
- Making a Double Crochet (dc)
- Learn the Half Double Crochet Stitch (hdc)
- How to Single Crochet (sc)
- How to make a Chain